You may generate an RSA private key with the help of this tool. Additionally, it will display the public key of a generated or pasted private key.
RSA is an asymmetric encryption algorithm. With a given key pair, data that is encrypted with one key can only be decrypted by the other. This is useful for encrypting data between a large number of parties; only one key pair per person need exist. RSA is widely used across the internet with HTTPS.
To generate a key pair, select the bit length of your key pair and click Generate key pair. Depending on length, your browser may take a long time to generate the key pair. A 1024-bit key will usually be ready instantly, while a 4096-bit key may take up to several minutes. For a faster and more secure method, see Do It Yourself below.
CryptoTools.net does not yet have a tool for facilitating the encryption and decryption of data using RSA, but you may Do It Yourself with the instructions below.
Do It Yourself
For these steps, you will need a command line shell with OpenSSL. Ideally, you should have a private key of your own and a public key from someone else. For demonstration, we will only use a single key pair.
Generate Private Key
Run this command to generate a 4096-bit private key and output it to the private.pem file. If you like, you may change the key length and/or output file.
$ openssl genrsa
Derive Public Key
Given a private key, you may derive its public key and output it to public.pem using this command. (You may also paste your OpenSSL-generated private key into the form above to get its public key.)
$ openssl rsa -in private.pem -pubout -out public.pem
We can now use this key pair to encrypt and decrypt a file, data.txt.
$ openssl rsautl -encrypt -inkey public.pem -pubin -in data.txt -out data.txt.enc
Given the encrypted file from the previous step, you may decrypt it like so.
$ openssl rsautl -decrypt -inkey private.pem -in data.txt.enc -out data.txt